Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive, surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It comprises low-risk as only small incisions are made for the surgery.
An instrument called a laparoscope is used to look at the abdominal organs. It is a long, thin cylindrical tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera at the front. The instrument is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. The camera is used to monitor the organ damage and disease in real time and later to perform the surgery with the help of a tube accordingly. After the procedure most of the carbon dioxide is removed from the abdomen along with all the instruments.
What is laparoscopic cancer surgery?
Laparoscopic procedure can furthermore be used to treat cancer. A pinhole camera and surgical devices are inserted into the body through small incisions. The laparoscopic surgeon controls the movement of the surgical instrument while monitoring through the camera making sure that the internal organs do not get affected.
But, for performing the laparoscopic surgery the surgeon has to have expertise in this field. Dr Usha Kumar one of the best surgical oncologist in Delhi, India is a pioneer of Laparoscopic and Robotic Cancer Surgery in India. She has done fellowship in these two niche surgery segments, that’s what makes her the only well-known and the best Cancer Surgeon in India.
- It involves minimum pain.
- Laparoscopic cancer surgery leaves smaller scars.
- You get out of the hospital quicker.
- The healing is quicker.
- The internal scarring is lesser.
- The patient can go back to work after the quick healing.
Types of laparoscopic surgeries:
Laparoscopic Gynecological Surgery
Surgeries involving cervical, endometrial, uterine, and other gynecological cancers can be treated through laparoscopy if the general conditions are favorable.
- The surgeries that used to require large open incisions can be treated with just one or a few tiny incisions.
- Less pain and scarring.
- Fast recovery.
- Laparoscopic Kidney Surgery
It is used to detect and treat pelvic cancers which may develop as prostate, testicular, cervical, and uterine cancers. This helps in knowing whether the disease has spread to the lymph nodes in the region and at which stage is the cancer at. Conventionally, cancer spread in the lymph nodes is treated by biopsy or surgery but laparoscopy is a less invasive process in this case.